Printed Circuit Board (PCB) prototype is an important component and tool for any electronics engineer and in PCB assembly and manufacturing. The prototype is essential, starting from the designing procedure to the final stages. It permits testing for a particular design to see whether it will work or fail. In this way, you can rectify the error quickly and accordingly. Prototypes are also useful for mass production of PCBs. Without it, there is an increased risk for production of defective PCBs and related products.
There are 3 class standards in the PCB industry.

pcb board

Most commonly used are classes 1 & 2. Each of our boards meets IPC-A-600 F (Class 2) standard, whether it’s prototype or actual board production. We at always provide Class 2 with an assurance that our prototypes meet every client’s production requirements.

• Class 1 – used for testing and verifying designs and for General Electronic Products

• Class 2 – used for Dedicated Service Electronics that require extended life, high performance and uninterrupted service (hi-tech business machines and communication equipment)

• Class 3 – used in some types of military, aeronautic and medical applications wherein high reliability and uninterrupted service is required.

What is a PCB?

A PCB connects electronic components electrically. It consists of conducting layers of copper foil and its insulating layer is laminated with a prepeg (usually epoxy resin). A PCB can have one or more layers and can either be single-sided or double-sided. Double-sided PCBs are typically used to join components on both sides by means of thru-hole plating process. This is achieved by copper-plating the walls of the holes in order to connect the conducting layers of the board.

At PBCNet, we offer Multi-Layer, Flex and Rigid PCBs. You can also choose from our available exotic substrates such as Arlon, Nelco and Aluminum Core PCBs, among others. We aim to give our clients several options to ensure that we are capable of accommodating more diverse and challenging board requirements.

PCB Prototype and Layout Editor

When designing new circuits, it is recommended to draw using a schematic before making the prototype. A schematic helps in repairing and correcting the mistake committed during the creation process. If your board has simple circuitry, you can use proto-boards that are easy to use and understand. However, if your board has a more customized and complex circuitry, making an actual prototype board is necessary.

To make a PCB prototype, you will need a layout pattern, and you can use several layout editors for this purpose. A layout editor refers to software, which allows you to draw the layout of you board’s circuit with all the points and traces included. The points and traces are the locations where the components are to be soldered onto the PCB. The layout looks like a diagram and you can make edits on it until you achieve the desired PCB layout.

How to Make A PCB

PCBNet offers virtually all PCB services – from assembly, fabrication up to delivering the final products. In making PCBs, there are various complex processes to be followed, including:

• Photoengraving
In this process, chemical etching is combined with a photomask to remove unnecessary copper traces from the PCB substrate. The mask is made with a photo-plotter design with the aid of a CAD computer software. You can also use laser printers to create photomasks.

• Lamination
Multi-layer PCBs consist of multiple layers of thin etched circuit boards that are bound together by means of lamination.

• Solder Plating
Component lands and pads where soldering is required are plated to permit soldering of the electronic components. Some metal such as bare copper are not readily solderable. Hence, the surface must be plated with a solderable material that can facilitate easy soldering.

• Drilling
Every layer of the board needs to have the ability to connect to another layer. To achieve this, small holes are drilled with the use of an automated drilling machine.

pcb-assembly Board Testing
The circuit board needs to be tested prior to assembly. Testing methods include flying probe testers, nail testers or other computer-driven PCB testing machines.

PCB Services from PCBNet

If you already have all the components for your PCB project, simply submit your kit to us and we will get started immediately. If you want to get a quote, you can easily do so by going to our website. PCBNet uses a TurnKey quote system so expect your requested quote to arrive within 24 hours.

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Challenge and custom coins are becoming more popular these days. With their various uses, we understand the reason why you also want to jump on this latest craze

If you want to have your own coins but are not sure where to get it, then look no further. Here, at, we provide the best services and various customization options in the industry. Here is how.

Challenge Coins

You Get Quality Coins is your one stop shop to military, police and fire department challenge coins. We know how these coins represent your dedication, integrity and service to the nation. With this in mind, you are guaranteed that we will only make the best challenge coins that you can carry with pride.

On the other hand, we also take pride in making the best corporate coins in town. We know how you value your employees, and giving corporate coins to recognize their feats is your way to appreciate them. By knowing that, we make it a point to provide only excellent products to help you achieve your goals.

You Get the Best Service

Aside from topnotch quality, you also have a guarantee of fast and efficient service at ChallengeCoins4Less. Creating custom coins can never be as easy as our 4-step process. All you have to do is follow these simple steps:

1. Send us your idea – Be it design sketches, descriptions or logos, we can start working on your custom coins as soon as you provide us with your ideas.

2. Choose your shape – ChallengeCoins4Less can provide you with any shapes for your custom coins. Just give us the instruction and we will have it done in a jiff.

3. Choose a metal style – With our 8 metal styles, you can have varying coin effects depending on what you choose.

4. Choose your options – We offer several customization options to make unique coins for you. You just have to choose your preferred style from 3D design, epoxy coating and more.

Choose from Tons of Customization Options

At, you are given tons of customization options. Choose your preferred metal styles, finishing, colors, cut shape, and edge design to get a one-of-a-kind custom coin.

  • Metal Styles

Choosing the right metal style will help achieve your desired coin look. To capture that perfect look, we offer different metal styles including gold, silver, copper, black nickel and brass. You can even combine styles for a duo-tone appearance.

  • Finish


Another way to customize your coins is through the finishing, which can make a drastic change on their appearance. We offer both antique and polished finishing for your coins, each with different advantages over the other.The antique finishing is perfect to make the texts and design stand out. On the contrary, polished coins may create light tones that will make design and texts less visible and less readable. However, polished coins are preferred if you want to apply colors on your custom coins.

  •  Colors

Coloring also plays a big role in the end result of custom coins. Some prefer the traditional look without color, while some opt to have them colored.

Colored coins are actually more visually appealing than traditional coins. However, coins without color offer more text readability and design visibility.

  • Cut Shape

Whether you want the traditional round coin or prefer a custom shaped one, we got you covered. We offer shape customization, so achieving that emblems, dog tags and polygon shape coins is now possible.

  • Edge Design

For an elegant look, we offer diamond cut edges for your custom coins. You can choose from different cut styles such as cross-cut, rope-cut, oblique-cut and wave-cut edges.

And More Options

Aside from the customization options above, you can also customize your coins further with the following options:

•  Epoxy Coating – For a lasting appearance, protect your coins with epoxy coatings.

•  3D Designs – Choose 3D designs for a bolder look. 3D designs work best for real-life 3D objects to be engraved on your coins.

•  Engraved Text – It is possible to engrave the texts on the edge of the coins for a classical look.

•  Offset Print – Want photos printed on your custom coins? Then offset printing is your choice.

•  Sequential Numbering – This option is perfect for organizations and groups with ranking systems.

•  Translucent Enamel – For a bolder look, have translucent enamel on your custom coins.

•  Keychain Attachment – Coins do not need to serve their traditional purpose all the time. Keychain attachment coins are now available for a different coin use.

•  Bottle Opener – Need to have a gift for your drinking buddies? Then the bottle opener coin is your best choice.

•  Packaging – Here at, we value the packaging of your coins. Aside from the free standard flexible PVC pouch we offer, you also have the option to avail our special packaging. You can choose from coin capsules, velvet coin pouch or velvet presentation box.

Getting your own custom coins does not have to be a stressful task. With our services, we guarantee that you are in safe hands.


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The rave party is happening in just a few hours. Got nothing in your wardrobe? Why not mix and match and update by using iron on patches.

Iron on patches are basically small pieces of fabric embroidered with a logo or decoration. Normally, they are made to be sewn on to an outfit, but there are now patches that have iron on adhesive which is designed to adhere to fabric once applied by a hot iron.

How to Use

First and foremost, before even considering to buy an iron on patch, make sure to answer yes to all these questions:

• Is the outfit made of cotton or denim? These are the fabrics that are best candidates for patches. Now, if it so happens that the item in question isn’t either cotton or denim, maybe it should at least be made of material that can be ironed. We can check that through the label at the back.

Iron on Patches


• Have you made out your mind where to iron on the patch? Typical places would be the pockets or, in the absence of a pocket, the space where the pocket should be. But why not try the sleeves or the collars, the edges of the shirt, or even the legs of our denim pants?

Now that we have decided to use iron on patches, and that we already have the outfit and the placement of the patch in mind, it’s time to actually get the patch on that dress! Here are the very easy to follow steps:

• Lay the outfit flat on the iron stand. Of course, we got to position it in such a way that we’ll be seeing the spot where we are going to place the patch on straight away.

• Position the iron on patches right on top of the preferred spots. Don’t hesitate to do a round two or three of this step for multiple patches. We got to be kind of meticulous about this to avoid messy errors, or even ruining our entire outfit.

• Carefully put on a handkerchief over the patch. This serves as an extra layer of protection so that the patch décor itself won’t get distorted by the heat of the iron.

• Next, put the iron on the top of the handkerchief. There’s no need to run it through – just press it on top and wait for it to steam a little bit. Remember that the iron needs to be preheated prior to the process. Just a few seconds should be all it takes for the adhesive on the patch to react and make it adhere to the outfit.


• After ironing, remove the handkerchief and gently check if the patch has been secured. We can do this by gently pushing on the patch and see if it budges. If it does not, do not get the piece of clothing yet! Just allow it to cool completely, then get the piece and hang or wear to the rave party!

Now, here’s hoping that one really does not budge. Because if it does, we just might wound up sewing the patch in a rush, or worse, grabbing some Super Glue.

But for those who have decided that they actually loved the idea of patches for fashion, why not opt for custom patches? These are available for an incredibly low price at, which can be readily accessed here.

On this website, owning our very own custom iron on patches is just a simple three step process.

First: Think of a design which we could either sketch or Google or make the designers draft themselves if we just cannot come up with a detailed design idea.

Second:  Wait for the digitized version, which is basically the sample of the patch we wanted to have. Once you gave it your approval, that’s when Patches4Less proceeds to the third step – processing and creating the patches! Just click here to get your free quote.

Why should everybody choose Patches4Less?

Iron on Patches

The reason is plain and simple – as the site itself connotes, it is for those who intend to save more when it comes to purchasing patches. How can one save on this website? First off, the initial quote is always for free. If the initial digital proof is rejected and requested for alteration, the quote would still be free. We do not charge anything until after the client gets the design he wants. And then, there’s the addition of some colors and borders, also for free! Just click here to get your free quote now.

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Wearing synthetic golf shoes is the key factor to succeeding in golf. This is why golfers can maintain good swinging positions. Detailed below are the equipment and materials that manufacturers typically use to create the shoes.

1. Hydraulic press

The hydraulic press forces a dye into the fabric until the cutouts of the shoe are created. It uses heat to separate the cutout portion of the fabric from the remaining fabric.

2 .Dye

The dye is a metal outline of the shoe’s cutout. Different dyes are used to create different cutouts. Golf shoes are comprised of four cutouts ― heel cutout, tongue cutout, toe tip cutout, and upper cutout.
The heel cutout is sewn onto the back of the shoe’s upper. The heel cutout forms structure to the back of the shoe’s upper.

The tongue cutout is sewn onto the front of the shoe’s upper. The tongue cutout forms the tongue of the shoe’s upper. The tongue lets you widen the shoe so that you can easily insert and take out your foot. The toe tip cutout is sewn onto the toe tip of the shoe’s upper. The upper cut out forms the shoe’s upper.

Synthetic Golf Shoes


3. Decorative machine

The decorative machine creates shoelace holes into the upper cutout. It also creates holes in different shapes.

4. Tray

The tray is where the toe tip cutout is placed. The manufacturer places a thermal resin strip on top of the toe tip cutout. A non-sticky sheet is placed over the toe tip cutout before the tray is placed through a hot metal press.

5. Hot metal press

The hot metal press lets the thermal resin strip melt into the toe tip cutout. Melting the thermal resin strip strengthens the fabric of the toe tip cutout. The toe tip cutout should be attached to the non-sticky sheet as the manufacturer lifts off the non-sticky sheet.

6. Stamping machine

The stamping machine stamps the model number onto the heel cutout.

7. Computerized platform

The computerized platform has the outline of the design. It sews the design into the outlines. Some golf shoes have designs that are manually sewn by the manufacturers.

Golf Shoes



8. Computerized needle

The computerized needle sews the information of the shoe onto the tongue cutout. The information may include the shoe size and the construction material.

9. Sewing machine

The sewing machine lets the manufacturer seal a padding between the heel cutout and the upper cutout. It also seals a padding inside the tongue cutout. The machine also lets the manufacturer sew the upper cut out to the base fabric. The base fabric is where the sole will be attached.

10. Air compressor

The air compressor is used to puncture the shoelace holes. It’s only used if the puddings obstruct the shoelace holes of the golf shoes.

11. Foot form

The foot form is a plastic foot model. It allows a fitting-and-gluing machine to form the upper cutout and the base fabric into the shape of the foot form.

12. Fitting-and-gluing machine

A fitting-and-gluing machine holds onto the base fabric. The machine’s nozzles apply cement to the undersides of the upper cutout. The undersides of the upper cutout are glued onto the base fabric using cement.

13. Heating machine

The heating machine activates the applied cement. Activating the cement allows the base fabric to be bonded to the outsole. The machine also prepares the out sole to be bonded to the insole.

14. Mechanized pressure

A mechanized pressure further presses the outsole to the base fabric. This is done after the manufacturer manually presses the base fabric and the outsole together. The shoe is completed at this point once an insole is inserted into place.

The manufacturer inserts the shoelace through the shoelace holes. The shoe will be inspected for any imperfections before it can be packaged. The manufacturing process of synthetic golf shoes are similar no matter what their brands are.

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So it may be that your company’s really doing well, that your people are very happy, effective and satisfied, that operations runs at its most efficient state, that your bottom line consistently nets into a positive figure, that your charts are consecutive blocks of green, and that every corporate matter you can possibly think of is going insanely perfect – well, that might just be the case, but you, your company, and, most importantly, your people, still need a little boosting now and then.

Here are four reasons why you should check us out at motivational-speaker-success for motivational assistance, albeit the perfectness of your situation:

1. Firstly, motivation sustains the energy, drive and zing of your people.

In sports parlance, that state of unexplainable, adrenaline-pumping, and almost-impossible performance is called the “zone”.  When a player gets into the “zone”, he/she gets unstoppably fast, remarkably accurate and scorching hot.  In this state, his focus is impeccable, enabling him to perform way above normal.  However, the moment he gets distracted, gets sidelined, or loses momentum, he leaves that state of amazing.

Now that your company is in its own “zone”, you want to make sure that your employees stay in that state as long as possible.  For the business, that spells positive output. For your employees, that means satisfaction with their work.



Motivation serves as a blasting reminder that they love their jobs, that they contribute to the company’s progress, and that they are actually capable of doing great things.  We, at, believe that it is important to keep this fire ablaze, so we’ll help you tend the flames with the proper fueling speeches.

2. Secondly, motivation takes you from point A to point B.

Motivation is an incredibly powerful tool when it comes to encouraging people to move.  Your employees naturally have goals and objectives that are different from the company’s.  Motivation convinces and inspires them to move towards the direction you want them to take.  It is not a prophetic light, which compels them to walk blindly, rather, it is a blazing hearth that clears their consciousness and makes them realize that what’s good for the company is also good for them.  This internal realization makes motivation special – its effects are long lasting because the employee believed in what he heard.  He did not simply listen, he believed, thus, with the flames stoked, moving from point A to point B is easy, with his actions in conformity with the company’s goals.

3. Thirdly, motivation snuffs out the problems that you may have missed.

With you sitting at the top of your corporate chain, the visibility of your entire operations will most likely be limited to a bunch of reports given to you by your officers and managers.  Chances are, you’d miss a trouble or two.

When you ask for the assistance of a motivational speaker (us, at, for example), you will, in effect, be reaching out to your people directly and personally.  You’d skip the layers of bureaucracy and go directly to the hearts and minds of your people.  You’d convince them to work better, to always be prompt, or to be much more patient with their clients and bosses.  Whatever their shortcomings may be, you’d be helping them through your motivational speaker.


4. Lastly, and most importantly, motivation helps your employees deal with their extra-professional problems.

Many a proprietor committed the mistake of simply ignoring the personal problems of their employees. Unfortunately for them, employees may have problems that are not related to their work, but may affect the same.  This is natural.  For example, you were one of your company’s sales representatives and your favorite football team just got eliminated from the World Cup.  You’d be understandably pissed, but your boss, of course, does not care the least bit. You are expected to still work excellently.  In reality, that would be hard.  Thankfully, the right does of motivation will solve that problem.

Someone said that motivation is like taking a bath, you need to do it everyday. It would not be practical for you to get us at everyday to dish out speeches and deliver the benefits we cited above, but you should do so when you can, even when you think you don’t need to.

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Internal link building involves the process of linking from one page to another page on the same site. Unlike with external link building which focuses on getting external sites to link to you, your focus in internal link building is to create a high quality internal link network which can further increase the ranking that your individual pages have.

Internal linking is an essential tool you can use to help promote your site and your product. It helps your readers navigate through your website easily, and it also gives your website an organized structure. Here are some tips and strategies that you may use to improve your internal linking capabilities.

Proper Usage of Link Labels

There are many ways to properly use anchor text to your advantage, but one of the most important things to do is to research for the most popular keywords. For this matter, you can use a keyword research tool to obtain a list of suggested keywords, but you should make sure that the keywords you look for are relevant.

The next wise thing to do is to group these keywords according to your site content. This means that you can assign specific keywords for every page in your site to make it easier for your individual pages to be searched.

Finally, use the keywords you researched for as the link labels or anchor texts in your links. This can be a bit tricky since you have to make sure that the pages you are linking to and the link titles you used are suitable. Typically, pages which thematically have the same keywords are appropriate to link together.

Contextually Appropriate Links

When you use contextually appropriate links, this means that you are using links that are relevant and natural to the content. The way to do this is usually by putting yourself in your readers’ shoes. You should make your website easy to navigate for the users so that the engagement on your site would increase. Of course, if a visitor thinks that a link is valuable, there is a great possibility that he/she would click that link. Only when links are in context can they be seen as valuable and informative. They should always look natural to the eyes of the visitor and should not be out of place in the page content. So in short, the internal links that you put on each of your page should always be in context.

Make Your Own Linking Framework Strategy


Each site varies in its content, so it would be great if you can make your own linking framework strategy. In creating one, there are numerous factors that you should take into account. For instance, when you put internal links, make sure that they link to individual pages and not to the home page. Individual pages won’t receive high rankings and more traffic if you just keep on linking to your home page or to your “contact us” page. As a rule of thumb, avoid putting links that direct the visitors to the top level part (home, about us, contact us, etc.) of your site.

Another factor to think about is the kind of links that you put in your pages. As already stated above, make sure that all your internal links are relevant to the content. So when a page is talking about running shoes, you can probably link them to a page talking about running clothing or other type of shoes, but you should avoid linking to irrelevant content such as women accessories.

Lastly, the number of links you put on each individual page also matters. Don’t inundate your pages with a lot of links. It makes it hard for a visitor to navigate, and worse, it may turn them off. There is really no specific number that can tell if the number of links are already too much, but if you look at your site through the eyes of the visitors, you would be able to determine if too much is too much.

Make a Lot of High Quality Content


Finally, create a lot of high quality content. It is fairly obvious that if you have no content then there is nothing to link either, right? However, make sure that your content is also relevant and informative because spam and insignificant content are typically weeded out by search engines. The more high quality content you have, the more internal links you can create, and the greater the traffic you website would get.

Internal linking can be overwhelming, so you may need a consultation to help you in this endeavor. The aforementioned tips and strategies are incorporated to make sure that you properly build a network of internal links.

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If you have to spend for an SEO company service for your website, at least make the most out of it by ensuring that the quality of service you get is really at par, if not above, industry standard. It is easy for an SEO company to say that it will make your website very attractive and fun to use, but without using the most spider-friendly computer languages, your incredibly designed website will only be yours to see. You have to understand what your website needs before actually trying to hire a specialist for an SEO company service you barely understand.

To guide you in the cutthroat world of search engine optimization, here are four things that you should always keep in mind.

1. Gauge your market reach

You have to be on top of the search engine results pages (SERP) to secure a profitable level of online visibility. It means taking the lead in the race and catapulting your website to the list of the top choices of internet users in your niche. The keyword there is “niche” and not “top.” You have to narrow down your real target market to make real money.

For instance, if you are running a small retail store in Kissimmee, Florida, do you really have to pay for an expensive SEO company services that will make you the leading search result in the retail industry niche, even above Walmart, K-Mart and Target? That will just be overspending for something you can get for less.

Many SEO companies offer different packages depending on the market reach of their clients. There are search engine marketing plans that aim to catapult a website to international fame. They are more expensive because the tactics are also more extensive and expansive.

On the other hand, if you will focus on localized SEO marketing, you will be targeting a more specific market while shelling smaller amount.  There is no need to compete with other websites in the same industry if they are not your direct competitors to begin with.

Why aspire for world-class recognition if you are just selling customized faucets to your small town?

2. Look for a company that specializes in your niche

SEO companies normally take clients across various industries, but if given the chance, go for a company thespecifically caters to websites in your niche. This is because they understand your needs, markets and contents more than other companies do. They might even introduce some innovations to your website that will maximize profitability in your niche.

The best thing about this is that they have a clearer grasp of the competition in the industry and how rankings and trends change through time. They are more reliable when it comes to improving your ranking and taking you closer to your market.

3. Determine what you can really claim

It is easy for an SEO company to fill your website with search engine optimized contents and press releases, but would it also be easy for you to deliver the claims.

Companies that specialize in marketing tend to exaggerate claims a bit just to make their clients look impressive and outstanding. Besides, more is expected from websites that top the SERP because they are perceived as highly reliable and professionally managed. You have to make sure that the expectations of you are met, and this is something that is already out of the hands of the SEO company service provider.

If you keep on disappointing your readers, it is just a matter of short time before your reputation goes down together with your rank. Personally supervise what is being placed in your website for the sake of SEO marketing, so you can also ensure that what your SEO provider puts there is true.

4. Be sure that you are prepared for the demand

When the traffic starts coming in, you should be ready to supply the demand, meet the expectation. Do you have enough manpower to write your contents, and answer emails, replies and queries? Do your productivity can really match the demand of your product or service if it doubles or triples? As they say, hope for the best but prepare for the worst. Be ready for both.

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Building a good blog today is not easy. You can start with good intention and even post a lot and still end up with something that gets ignored straightway. If you want to make an impact, you will want to build a seo optimized blog that has a great deal of focus moving forward. There are 4 major steps that you can take right now to engage the general public and win big. If you want to gain confidence, traffic and a lot more, you will want to look into some very important factors. The following 4 steps will guarantee your success, over time, but only if you stay with it. Too many people lose their focus and end up with nothing more than a site that collects dust. Take note that your work has to be unique, lest you think that anyone can do this and win big against larger competitors. Take time to analyze your main goal, and if you’re still going to chase a good idea, then here are 4 steps to push you forward.

Start Free (That’s Right FREE)

The biggest thing that you need to do is gauge whether or not you want to start a blog and whether or not you want to chase it past the first few months. To understand this, and to really get a feel for what you’re going to chase, start with a free domain on an established blog site. Focus on your topic and just work on writing. If you want to start with a pay solution, you can do that, but there are a lot of people that go that route and make little to no money, and no impact, essentially wasting money.

Hire A Writer or Write A Lot Yourself

If you love your topic, you can easily come up with posts to publish. If you aren’t sure about your writing skill or you just don’t want to do it all on your own, hire a writer. You need to worry about the content of your site more than the design at first. Focus on publishing worthwhile content, and items that are going to build your audience at first. Within 3 months, you could have upwards of 90 posts or more and within that framework you will start to decide whether or not you really want to blog as a main point of your business or to help with your reach.

Share Your Content With Others

Here is a tricky thing to do, but if you do it in a manner that follows the rules of social media, you can do so with great results. The SEO power of social networking is huge, so make sure that you are sharing your content with others through these pages and build your network slowly. The more content you share, the higher the likelihood that you will gain market share, so focus on that. Share your links, comment on posts, share other’s ideas and chase a jovial manner online with your business and blog it will pay off.

Double Up Your Posting


The first 90 days of your blog are crucial for SEO and traffic. Start to chase these things with relative ease. Slowly build your options and work on the best possible solutions moving forward. Publish content, writing, videos, and more and then double up after the 90th day. For the following 90 days post twice a day and keep focused on building and networking. If you do things correctly here and you do not give up, within 200 posts you will break through to a lot of traffic and people will want to link to you, engage you in ideas and a lot more.

The above 4 steps are easy to manage, at first. You will find that after you start with free solutions, you may want to jump into a dot com or paid solutions. If that is the case, focus on hiring a professional to help you out, otherwise you will end up losing out in the long term

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